For a country that summons mental visions of green fields and pastoral settings, Ireland has a violent and tragic history. First invaded by the Vikings, then seized by the Normans to begin four hundred years of English rule, Dublin has been torn apart, its buildings destroyed, its population decimated numerous times, well into the twentieth century. The beautiful coastal city has been the target for political and religious dominance, with the fighting Irish determined to make it exclusively its own.
The city that once saw mass immigrations is now a city where immigrants come to find new hope and life. It has taken its place on the world stage as a symbol of economic recovery after centuries of setbacks and unrelenting poverty. It’s a city where, despite its numerous hardships, the arts and music have flourished. Its Irish literary tradition is the most illustrious in the world, with four Nobel Prize winners originating in Dublin. Famous Irish writers include James Joyce, Ge