Flights to Amsterdam are handled by AMS, Amsterdam Airport Schipol, one of the largest and busiest airports globally. It is about 15 kilometres from the main city. The carrier for flights to the Netherlands is KLM (and Air France) who works with airlines such as Delta, British Airways, Transavia, Jet2 and EasyJet, as well as others. It is about 20 minutes away from the Central Railway Station and is also connected to intercity trains, including Thalys and Brussel. The largest airport of the Netherlands, it helps 50 million passengers travel every year.
Using another airport besides Schiphol might be cheaper for limited travel. If this is your plan look for airlines that travel to Eindhoven and Rotterdam Airports for connection. You can arrive to Amsterdam from those locations using car rentals, taxis, buses, or trains. A local bus (like Hermes 401) can transport you from Eindhoven Airport to Amsterdam and the trip takes about 25 minutes. From Rotterdam and the Hague Airport, an RET city bus can take you to the city in about 30 minutes.
The Schiphol Airport’s size merits two hours of waiting time so be sure to arrive well in advance of arrival and departure. The airport has numerous restaurants inside, as well as free events like Rijksmuseum's Schiphol. The Airport is about 11 kilometres from the capital city centre.
The Schiphol Airport uses a single roof for its many divisions, and has practically speaking just one terminal. However, within this area are three halls, along with piers and other connecting parts. Departure Hall 1 has piers B and C, with 14 and 21 gates respectively. Depature Hall 2 has piers D and E. D has two levels and numbers of D-1 to D-57 for non-Schengen flights, as well as extra gates for exclusively Schengen flights. Pier E has 14 gates. The Third Hall has piers F (8 gates), G (13), H (7) and M (7).
Besides its multiple sections and gates, the airport also has a General Aviation Terminal on the eastern side, with 6,000m2, and the Rijksmuseum, as well as the Schiphol Airport Library. However, it is currently under renovation and will be for most of 2015.
One of the nice features about the airport is that it has a large rooftop viewing area, called the Panoramaterras, which provides some great scenic views. For a time, the airport’s traffic control tower was the tallest in the world, or at least it was in the year 1991. Interestingly, the airport itself is below sea level, and thus one of the lowest airports in terms of elevation. Speaking of tolerance and open-mindedness, Schiphol is particularly laid back, since it holds both wedding ceremonies at the airport, and also hosts its own mortuary. Till death do you part indeed!